CFD simulation of inter-flat air cross-contamination—A possible transmission path of infectious diseases

The objective of this study is to investigate the possible transmission mechanism of inter-flat air cross-contamination under the condition of singlesided natural ventilation. In high-rise residential building with flush windows on the same side, the air pollutants can diffuse from lower flat to adjacent upper flat in the vertical direction related to the interflat air flow through open windows caused by the temperature difference between the indoor air and the air outside of the windows.

Influence analysis of stack effect on odor dispersion from unit to core in the high-rise residential buildings

Food odor dispersion from residential unit to core is one of problems in high-rise residential building. In this study, it was analyzed in terms of stack effect, and the method how optimal air inflow of core was estimated and how the location of air in/outlet were decided were suggested to solve it. A combined CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) and CONTAMW analysis was used for stack effect of building, dispersion of food odor, optimal air inflow of core, and the location of air in/outlet in the method.

Indoor humidity influenced by the stack effect in high-rise residential buildings

Interior-surface condensation on the glazed curtain wall of high-rise residential buildings is an important environmental issue in Korea. There are three causes of the surface condensation. One is the curtain wall frame materials, another is the generated moisture from residents' behaviors such as cooking and drying the laundry, the other is inadequate ventilation caused by stack effect.

Air leakage characteristics of dwellings in high-rise residential buildings in Korea

Reliable airtightness data is needed to calculate the estimate of air infiltration and the thermal loads for building energy efficiency and indoor comfort. While useful information on air leakage in low-rise dwellings does exist, there is little data available on dwellings in increasing high-rise residential buildings (particularly ones with central core plan). In this paper, we conducted airtightness measurement using fan pressurization method for about 350 dwellings in 4 high-rise residential buildings in Korea.

A Proposal of Hybrid Ventilation System Using Stack Effect in High-rise Buildings

This study proposes the hybrid ventilation system and its design methods for high-rise buildings. The proposed hybrid ventilation system uses natural driving power for ventilation based on air flow in the whole building and indoor and outdoor pressure distributions. Furthermore, it solves the troubles of the conventional natural or mechanical ventilation systems. This paper presents theories and a process for duct design for natural ventilation which forms the basis of a hybrid ventilation system in high-rise buildings.


Increase in high-rise residential building has changed the envelope of residential building to aluminumcurtain wall which requires the use of the single-sided ventilation to be used instead of the crossventilation. It causes dissatisfaction mainly with indoor air velocity and ventilation volume. Therefore,the objective of this study is to improve the natural ventilation performance of high-rise residentialbuilding by opening design. To improve the natural ventilation performance in single skin faade, theeffect of different types of window will be evaluated.