Impact of Building Airtightness on Heat Generator and Heat Emission Equipment Sizing

Cracks in building fabric lead to air infiltration due to wind and buoyancy driven forces. In the heating season, the cold air entering the building needs to be heated up to room temperature, thus leading to an energy demand. Conventionally, the measured infiltration rate at 50 Pa (expressed as n50 or q50) is recalculated into an average infiltration flow rate (yearly based) using leak infiltration ratio’s (LIR) ranging from 0.033 to 0.1, the origin of these values being sometimes unclear.

Prediction of Heat Emission Effect at Small Single-sided Openings in Apartment Houses

In this study, we propose a method for forecasting heat emission effect in a small single-sided slit opening. In order to make a heat flux forecasting model, we carried out field measurement, wind tunnel experiment, and CFD analysis. In the field measurement, we measured heat flux and grasped the relationship of heat flux of the opening and airflow around the building surface. In the wind tunnel experiment, we measured airflow around the opening and grasped turbulence characteristics.