Façade Improvements to Avoid Draught in Cold Climates – Laboratory Measurements

With the goal of increasing building flexibility and reducing energy use, yet ensuring IAQ, the feasibility of natural ventilation in a building in Oslo is studied. However, the use of direct outdoor air poses some challenges in the Norwegian cold climate, particularly the risk of thermal discomfort due to draught and low local temperatures. The goal of this paper is to study the most suitable solution to avoid draught in cold climates while maintaining the required airflow rates.

Heat transfer through a horizontal aperture connecting two non isothermal rooms.

This paper deals with the convective flow through a horizontal aperture connecting two superimposed large enclosures which are kept at different temperatures. The lower room is warmer than the upper room and this unstable thermal configuration generates a natural them1osyphon flow, between both volumes. This type of flow can occur inside buildings: stairwell flows or natural ventilation flows through horizontal openings. In the literature, very little information is available concerning this domain of applications.

Natural ventilation of attic space for solar heat removal - heat and air flows along lower surface of a roof.

In a hot climate, a large amount of solar heat irradiates on a roof and it is transmitted to an occupied space beneath it through an attic. To interrupt this heat to attain a comfortable condition in the occupied space, ventilation of the attic is an important and effective measure. There are two ways of the ventilation, one is natural and the other is forces ventilation. The former measure should be considered prior to the latter from such reasons as simplicity in practice and power saving.