Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 12/26/2013 - 12:31
Detached residential wooden houses are a common type of housing in Japan. Decay of wooden components within the walls caused by condensation or defective flushing, is sometimes an issue. To solve this problem, a double-skin system with a room-side air gap was developed. In this system, during summer, the airflow that is driven by ventilation fans moves through the room-side air gap in the wall, and removes heat load either from the inner surface of the insulation material, or from the surface adjacent to the rooms inside.
Full-scale burning tests were performed on wood, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), and methanol fires in a compartment with forced ventilation. The gas temperatures at seven positions were measured together with the transient mass loss rate of the fuel. Average temperatures of the hot gases were then compared with the values predicted by a simple model proposed by Deal and Bey/er (1990). The heat loss coefficient of the compartment was found to be an important parameter, and an empirical parameter is fitted from these tests with small fires.
Results are presented from a study of the performance of fuzzy, rule-based algorithms for thecontrol of indoor air quality through combined control of natural and forced ventilationstrategies, whilst simultaneously meeting thermal and visual comfort requirements as part of aglobal control strategy aimed at optimizing the indoor environment with minimum energyconsumption.
This paper presents results on the human response to individually controlled radiant local heating of the body which can be used together with low enthalpy ventilation based on low room air temperature and humidity. Experiments were performed with 18 human subjects to identify the optimum combination and location of local radiant heating panels designed to compensate for cooling of the body at room air temperatures in the range 14-23 °C. The subjects were instructed to change the heating power of the panels and to select the optimum condition that would provide them with thermal comfort.
The use of air solar collector realised on the north facade of a new hospital building in Rome is hereby described. The integration of solar and structural element has been studied during the design phase; the development of air gaps integrated within enclosures is related to the possibility to activate both natural (ejecting indoor air outside) and forced (preheating outside air incoming to the air handling units) ventilation. The energy gained by the solar elements has been evaluated.