Cluj Napoca City is the most important city from northwestern part of Romania, having about 350,000inhabitants. The Somes river, also the most important river of this country region crosses the city fromwest to east, but before it crosses a granite massive, named Maguri-Racatau, a region located at 35Km on the upper part of this water course. The first indicators of a possible radon prone area for Cluj-Napoca city and its neighboring was the water radon concentration from the old power supply of thecity with about 37 Bq/L (1nCi/L).
In the study, the factors affecting concentrations of radon vertically lines were surveyed in twolarge office buildings. Integrated concentrations of radon were determined with alpha track etchfilms (2 months) and continuous monitoring (2-6 days) was carried out with Pylon AB-5equipment. The effective air exchange rates were analysed by the tracer gas method with aninfrared analyser and rates of air flows from vents were measured with a thermoanemometer.Pressure differences were measured with a manometer and temperature differences withthermoelements.
This study describes an approach for measuring and modeling diffusive and advective transport of radon through building materials. Goal of these measurements and model calculations is to improve our understanding concerning the factors influencing the transport of radon through building materials. To reach this goal, a number of experiments has to be conducted. These experiments, including measurements in a large cylinder for creating diffusive and advective transport of radon under controlled, dwelling-like conditions, are described here and the initial results are presented.