Development of a Smart Thermostat

Recently, understanding thermal comfort management enabled the scientific community to broaden its research towards smart device set-ups, in order to further reduce energy consumption and thermal comfort satisfaction. Thus, the need to minimize user interaction and implement prediction functions has arisen. In this work, the development of a smart thermostat is presented. The procedure is divided into three basic stages: calibration, development of energy saving and thermal comfort routines, and comparison with a conventional thermostat’s operation.

Possible UK residential demand-controlled ventilation assessment methodology

Demand controlled ventilation (DCV) can improve the energy performance of all kinds of ventilation systems, in residential and non-residential buildings and is already part of the European Lot 6 and Ecodesign regulations and standards. However, the lack of recognition of DCV in SAP (Standard Assessment Procedure) forms a great barrier for the use of this technology in the UK. A methodology was developed to prove the guarantee on good IAQ, with potential saving on heating and auxiliary energy by modulating ventilation rates based on actual demand.

Demand controlled ventilation in school and office buildings: lessons learnt from case studies

Demand controlled ventilation (DCV) refers to a ventilation system with air flow rates that are controlled based on a measurement of an indoor air quality (IAQ) and/or thermal comfort parameter. DCV operates at reduced air flow rates during a large amount of the operation time. Due to this decrease, less energy is needed for fan operation and heating/cooling the supply air. However, uncertainty still exists about the IAQ performance and ventilation efficiency in the room, especially at lower air flow rates.

Thermodynamic analysis of buildings with natural ventilation and indoor air quality

The aim of this study is to analyse the behaviour of natural ventilation techniques in low-rise commercial buildings in terms of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ).

Demand controlled ventilation in practice: Case study

Demand controlled ventilation (DCV) can reduce the energy use significantly compared to a constant air volume (CAV) system. However, there is still a large uncertainty about the real energy savings and the ventilation efficiency. Furthermore, control and operation of the system are more complex. To formulate answers to these questions, measurements on a DCV system in a university building in Ghent, Belgium provide insight in the system operation and performance and the air distribution in the classrooms. Monitoring is carried out in March and May 2015.

The impact of airtightness in the retrofitting practice of low temperature heating

In Sweden, the energy usage in existing residential buildings amounted to 147 TWh in 2012, equivalent to almost 40 % of the final overall national energy usage. Among all the end users in building service sectors, 60 % of the final energy in Sweden is used for space heating and domestic hot water (DHW) production in 2013.

Energy saving and thermal comfort in Residential buildings with dynamic insulation windows

To realize the concept of low-energy buildings, an increase in the thermal insulation performance of building parts, especially the openings that show poor insulation performance, is necessary. In addition, an adequate level of thermal comfort is also needed within residential buildings. We have developed window-applied dynamic insulation (DI), and verified thermal insulation performance in chamber and field tests.

Simulation of static pressure reset control in comfort ventilation

Variable air volume (VAV) ventilation systems reduce fan power consumption compared to constant air volume (CAV) systems because they supply air according to the airflow demand. However VAV ventilation systems do not take fully into account the potential energy savings as the control strategy operates the terminal boxes and the air handling unit (AHU) independently without pressure integration. The pressure in the main duct is maintained at a constant static pressure (CSP) which corresponds to the pressure required under the design full load condition.

Monitoring of an innovative room-by-room demand controlled heat recovery system on four locations

Demand controlled heat recovery ventilation systems, which combines heat recovery (HRV) and demand controlled (DCV) is growing fast among ventilation manufacturers.

Several categories can be identified, from global dwelling regulation, to fine room-by-room regulation of the airflow rate. Simulations show that room-by-room demand controlled heat recovery ventilation is the best compromise to optimize at the same time indoor air quality, comfort, and energy savings.

Demand-controlled ventilation. 20 years of in-situ monitoring in the residential field

Is Demand-controlled ventilation a relevant answer to face the new challenges of the Building sector, which requires everyday higher energy efficiency and better indoor air quality? Can Demand-controlled ventilation be considered as an alternative to heat recovery ventilation, through an affordable and low maintenance solution? Since the take off of the DCV in the early 80’s, these questions have been considered many times.