Stack driven ventilative cooling for schools in mild climates: analysis of two case studies

This paper presents two case studies of stack driven ventilative cooling systems implemented in kindergarten schools located in the mild Subtropical-Mediterranean climate of Lisbon, Portugal. Both systems rely on stack driven natural ventilation supplemented by a larger, single-sided ventilation opening to be used in the warmer months. In both systems air enters the rooms at a low level, directly in front of the heating passive convector systems, and is exhausted in the back of the room, through a chimney.

A Modelling Study of Segmentation of Naturally Ventilated Tall Office Buildings in a Hot and Humid Climate

The prevailing paradigm in indoor environment control of office buildings often excludes natural ventilation, due to the fact that its dynamic nature may not be compatible with the close control of mechanical conditioning systems. Due to the potential magnitudes of wind and buoyancy forces in tall buildings, the challenges are greater. This research is concerned with the prospect of purely naturally ventilated tall office buildings. The naturally available driving forces of wind and buoyancy are investigated separately or in combination.

Control of Carbon Dioxide Concentration in Educational Spaces Using Natural Ventilation

This paper reports on research carried out to develop natural ventilation control strategies for densely occupied learning spaces with the intention of improving indoor air quality and heating energy consumption. Investigations were carried out for two test cases according to the characteristics given in CIBSE Guide A (2006) and Building Bulletin (BB) 101 (UK Department for Education, 2006). The performance of these test cases were assessed using dynamic thermal simulation with fixed CO2 set-points, based on which opening dampers are controlled.

Natural Personalised Ventilation - A Novel Approach

The need to protect susceptible patients from cross-infection resulting from airborne pathogens is essential in hospitals, especially when patient immunity is either suppressed due to medical procedures or compromised by ailment. Personalised ventilation (PV) is a method of creating a local zone of high air quality around such patients. However, contemporary PV techniques are based on mechanical ventilation, which adds to the energy burden of healthcare buildings. In single-bed wards, a potential source of infection could be other occupants such as visitors and healthcare workers.

Investigating Natural Ventilation Inside Walk-Up Housing Blocks in the Egyptian Desert Climatic Design Region

This paper presents a study aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of natural ventilation strategies used in government dwellings in the Egyptian desert climatic design region. Three government housing blocks, built in the New Al-Minya city, were employed as case studies. Autodesk-Ecotect and FloVent CFD software were used to simulate the internal air movement and air temperatures. Theoretical analysis shows that there is considerable cooling potential by natural ventilation, with the thermal comfort potential being improved by up to 52% peak and 33.5% average.