AIVC - Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre

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Feasibility study of ventilation system air-tightness

The feasibility of good air-tightness in new buildings can be determined based on the obtained air tightness classes as defined in EN 12237. In this paper a model is described which allows to calculate the energy loss caused by leak losses in ventilation systems based on the air tightness class and the feasibility of realising a good air-tightness.

Implementation of measurement and quality frameworks in the French regulation for achieving airtight envelopes

It is foreseen that the 2012 version of the French regulation will include a minimum requirement for the envelope airtightness of residential buildings, with two options to justify its treatment: a) measurement at commissioning or b) adoption of an approved quality management approach. This paper describes the qualification process for authorizing technicians to conduct airtightness measurement when the result is to be used in the EP-calculation method. It also discusses the requirements set for approved quality management approaches.

Stimulating better envelope and ductwork airtightness with the EnergyPerformance of Buildings Directive

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directivementions that each member states' energyperformance (EP) calculation methodology mayinclude envelope airtightness. In fact, manymember states have included envelopeairtightness in their EP calculation method.Many countries have also specific requirementsfor ductwork airtightness. However, they seemto be unequally successful in achieving a markettransformation. This paper describes themechanisms that have been used in somecountries, with a special focus on success storieswhich could inspire other member states.

Air Tightness of Ventilation Ductwork Equipped with Joints

The average air tightness of the ventilation ductwork in France is rather poor, corresponding toa 3A class. This is mainly due to air leakage in the fittings. Because of difficulties encounteredduring the implementation as lack of space, access problems or short time to proceed theinstallation, these fittings are not sealed enough, with mastic or adhesive tape.In order to limit this risk of leakage and to limit sealing operations on site, manufacturerspropose components equipped with joints. Some years ago, CETIAT has tested in itslaboratories different kind of such components.

Automated design of branched duct networks of ventilating and air conditioning systems.

The paper presents a way of producing an algorithm for the automated construction of mathematical models of air conditioning and ventilating systems with branched air duct networks. The use of mathematical modelling in making aerodynamic calculations of air duct networks allows us to determine the actual value of air flow in network elements. It also permits us to achieve the required air flows effectively in the adjustment of a system.

Monozone modelisation of natural ventilation with ducts.

European project pr EN13465 from CEN TC 156/WG2/AH4 gives a monozone model for airflow calculations in dwellings. In order to apply it to natural ventilation systems with adjacent ducts used in dwellings in France, we need to address several issues. First, in adjacent ducts, airflows at each level depend on pressions in the different dwellings. We have to solve by iteration the balanced equation proposed in AH4. Then, cowls and roof outlet performances as well as the wind-pressure coefficient on the roof must be known.

IAQ in ambiente ospedaliero. Definizione di una metodologia di indagine in relazione all'inquinamento degli impianti aeraulici. Indoor air quality in hospitals. A methodology of sampling in relation with pollution of ductwork.

This paper presents the result of a research carried out on the valuation method of ductworks hygienic condition. Both the methodology and the results of the samplings carried out on the HVAC systems of ten hospitals are presented. For every HVAC system the following characteristics have been checked: typological and building features, air filters characteristics and maintenance programmes. Upon inspections openings carrying out, air dust concentration, dust on the duct surface, total and specific microbial concentration from the outdoor air inlet to the air intake have been sampled.

The energy penalty of poor duct design.

A home with a poor duct system can't be energy efficient no matter how tight or well-insulated it is.