Dynamic Measurements of a Novel System: Combining Natural Ventilation with Diffuse Ceiling Inlet and Thermally Activated Building Constructions

In the PSO project 345-061, a novel system solution combining natural ventilation with diffuse ceiling inlet and thermally activated building systems (TABS) has been proposed for cooling and ventilation in Danish office buildings. Due to the application of diffuse ceiling inlet, cold outdoor air can be supplied into the room without any risk of draught even in the extreme winter. This means that natural ventilation is available even in winter and it is beneficial to reduce the energy consumption for buildings with cooling demand in cold seasons.

Diffuse Ceiling Ventilation - A Review

As a novel air distribution system, diffuse ceiling ventilation combines the suspended acoustic ceiling with ventilation supply. Due to the low-impulse supply from the large ceiling area, the system does not generate draught when supplying cold air. However, heat sources play an important role on thermal comfort in the occupant zone. Another characteristic of this system is its lower pressure drop compared with conventional ventilation systems, which reduces the noise problem and, at the same time, the energy consumption of the fan can be reduced.

Performance of low pressure mechanical ventilation concept with diffuse ceiling inlet for renovation of school classrooms

In a great portion of Danish primary schools the mechanical ventilation systems is outdated or simply rely on opening of windows to ventilate the classrooms. This leads to high energy consumption for fans and/or ventilation heat losses and poor indoor environment, as the ventilation systems cannot provide a sufficient ventilation rate. A recent study with 750 Danish classrooms show that 56 % had CO2-concentrations over a 1000 ppm, which is the recommended limit by the Danish working environment authority and this adversely affects the performance and well being of the pupils.