Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Tue, 02/04/2020 - 12:51
Guaranteeing high indoor air quality and high degree of user satisfaction at the same time is one of the challenges when improving the energy efficiency of a building. Current non-residential buildings mainly use mechanical ventilation systems to ensure high air quality. Mechanical ventilation systems are known for minimising heat losses but at the same time lead to higher installation, operating and maintenance costs. Furthermore, mechanically conditioned rooms may lead to the sick building syndrome caused by the lack of operable windows.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 04/17/2019 - 12:16
By the end of 2020 all newly constructed buildings have to be nearly zero energy buildings (nZEB). In school and office buildings the ventilation system has a large contribution to the total energy use. A smart control strategy that adjusts the operation of the ventilation to the actual demand can significantly reduce this energy use. Consequently, control systems are becoming an important part of the ventilation system in these nZEB buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 10/31/2013 - 21:21
During the recent decades, energy consumption of buildings, together with the costs for operation, has gained increasing concern. HVAC systems stand for a significant share of the total energy consumption in buildings. Demand-controlled ventilation (DCV) has proved to be an efficient system that gives opportunity to strongly reduce energy consumption, especially when contamination loads or temperature load vary during the operating hours. 30-60% energy reduction can be expected by applying proper DCV.
When a building is used only for intermittent occupancy, continuous operation of ventilation system isnot necessary for achieving good indoor air quality during the occupation periods. Such buildings havea great energy saving potential which is not harnessed enough yet. Indeed, energy loss can be avoidedby promoting natural means and managing mechanical ones.
The potential of controlling techniques for an electrochromic device is investigated in a systematic way, using both experimental and theoretical tools. Concerning the theoretical part a model was developed in the TRNSYS environment and validated against experimental data. These data were collected from experiments, which were carried out in a PASSYS test cell with a movable wall. Having established a good model performance several cases of window types (such as a 4mm clear window and a low-e double glazing) and controlling strategies for the electrochromic device are simulated.
On the bases of the definitions of air conditioning period, dehumidifying period and heating period, this paper puts forward to the exchanging conditions and psychometric process of ventilation system in residences. In order to improve on thermal environment quality and indoor air quality (IAQ), new strategies must be found to control both temperature and humidity of ventilation system.
As heat exchanges through building envelopes and undesirable internal gains have been reduced in the last years due to energy conservation efforts, the importance of the energy needed to heat, cool and move outdoor air for ventilation has increased in relative tem1s. This study, developed within the European project TIP-VENT (JOULE) aims to study the impact of ventilation air flow rates upon the energy needs of typical buildings. Five real buildings were selected as case-studies: A hotel, an auditorium, an office building, a single-family residence and an apartment building.