NBSLD, the computer program for heating and cooling loads in buildings.

Describes computer program used for calculating heating and cooling loads on buildings. Discusses current state of heating and cooling load techniques and various unique features of NBSLD. Gives summary of various subroutines of NBSLD including an algorithm for calculating air infiltration Gives complete Fortran listing of NBSLD and data preparation forms.

Energy consumption of residential buildings

Users' manual and documentation connected with computer program ENCORE. Program is based on weighting factor method. Provides general description of input data, building location and shape, heating system and building use.Describes in more detail standard output, error messages and warnings. Provides examples concerning warm-air heated house and house with electric space heating system. supplied detailed documentation of subroutines.

Natural ventilation in hospital buildings report no 15. operating manual for the "crkflo" computer program

Describes computer program developed by BSRIA to predict ventilation rates and directions of air flow in buildings for given sets of conditions. These conditions are wind speed and direction, temperature differences between inside and outside the building, air leakage characteristics of the components and the mechanically induced air flow rates. The report is in the form of anoperating manual for the program.

The computer simulation of smoke movement during building fires.

Gives brief description of the new computer package developed by the Oscar Faber partnership for predicting the movement of smoke during a building fire. The model treats the building as a network and calculates air flow between rooms driven by stack effect and wind pressure. Four levels of complexity in the simulation are possible. Describes the results of these different types of analysis for a multi-storey building.

Programmed computer model of air infiltration in small residential buildings with oil furnace.

Describes computer program for the prediction of the air infiltration load in small residential buildings. The model represents an oil-fired furnace, a smoke pipe with barometric damper, a chimney and a non-partitioned building, with leakage openings in the building envelope. The model can be used to predict the air change rate of a small house under various combinations of indoor/outdoor temperature, wind-speed, wind direction and operation of an oil fired furnace.

Encore-Canada: computer program for the study of energy consumption of residential buildings in Canada.

Describes the mathematical methods employed in the ENCORE-Canada computer program which predicts the hourly as well as the annual heating requirements of small residential-type buildings. The model includes the effects of thermal storage, internal heat gains, basement and air infiltration losses, transmission heatlosses and solar heat gains. The heating system is a thermostatically controlled oil-fired furnace with warm air distribution. Hourly solar radiation and weather data forvarious Canadian cities are used to simulate outdoor conditions.

Natural ventilation of buildings

Reports model scale experiments to investigate the validity of digital analogue methods of predicting natural ventilation. Finds calculated ventilation rates up to 30% higher than observed model ventilation rates. Shows differences between observed and computed results caused by operating efficiency of ventilation openings being less than calibrated efficiencies. Corrected ventilation rates, allowing for changes in efficiency due to pressure fluctuations and lateral air flows over model surfaces showed close agreement with observed results.

Calculation of air exchange in multi-storey buildings using electronic computers.

Describes a computer program used to calculate the air exchange in multi- storey buildings. An air network is drawn up for the building and arbitrary initial pressures are assigned. A system of equations is drawn up for all linearly independent loops andjunctions and the program solves this system of equations. States that comparison with the hydraulic analogy method gives a discrepancy, not greater than about 3%. NOTES translation available from B.S.R.I.A. price 1 pound

An algorithm for infiltration rate calculation.


Computer calculations of air flows in buildings. Datamatberegning af luftstromninger i bygninger.

Outlines principles behind a program for calculating air flow in buildings. The generally accepted method for these calculations is Kirchoff's network equations, of which the "knot method" and the "loop method" are alternatives. The program uses a mixture of both, in an attempt to keep the intermingling of the equations to be solved on a low level. Presents results of calculations on a 50-room example, in which it was the purpose to demonstrate the possibility of using the program for discussion of ventilating system fluctuations.