Thermal environment in the Milbrandt low-energy house.

The Milbrandt low-energy house was built in 1980 in Saskatoon as part of a demonstration project. This paper discusses temperature distribution using point-source heaters as the sole heat source and relying on natural convection for distribution of heat. Summertime overheating in low-energy houses was also studied.

The principles and dilemmas of designing durable house envelopes for the North.

Starting from the premise that condensation in the building envelope is a prime cause of its deterioration, the mechanisms that cause condensation are discussed and control measures explained. The conflicts that arise between some of these measures, the probability of achieving them under realistic construction conditions, and the possible need for fail-safe provisions should complete success not be achieved, are described.