Evaluating natural ventilation cooling potentials during early building designs

Natural ventilation (NV) is an efficient way of cooling buildings, and its energy saving potentials however depend on many parameters including local hourly weather and climate conditions, types of ventilations, indoor cooling loads (or heat gains), operating schedules, window types, and opening-wall ratios etc. Determination of the NV flow rate is thus challenging, although there are many empirical equations for different NV strategies, e.g. single-sided and cross-ventilation, considering different driving forces, e.g. wind, buoyancy and a mix of both.

Energy performance of active polarization filters vs. conventional filters in HVAC systems

Pressure drop due to filters embedded in HVAC systems is one of the energy loss causes in building air conditioning systems, which can become important in large all-air systems with highly demanding filtering needs, such as hospitals, clean rooms, laboratories or pharmaceutical environments.