The purpose of this paper is to analyze the indoor thermal environment and ventilation efficiencycreated by various heating and ventilation systems using CFD. In the case of one room, the value ofmean local air exchange efficiency????*1 of breathing zone*2 becomes about 1.0, because fresh airspreads completely in the room when air-conditioners are operated. In contrast, when air-conditionersare not operated, the mean ?? becomes smaller than 1.0, and the area of poor ventilation efficiencybecomes large.
This paper presents the difference in the air quality between that perceived by the occupants (breathing zone) and that in the occupied zone as a whole. An environmental chamber with displacement ventilation system has been used to carry out the measurements with the presence of a heated mannequin and other heat sources. Measurements of the age of air distribution, the air exchange index and the ventilation effectiveness were carried out at different points in the chamber for different room loads.