Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 04/17/2019 - 15:47
In this paper a new methodology is presented to determine airtightness of buildings. The common method for airtightness testing is through fan pressurization with a blower door test. The new methodology also uses fan pressurization. Instead of an external fan, it uses the building fan system to pressurize the building.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 04/17/2019 - 15:40
The steady pressurisation method measures the building leakage in a range of high pressures, typically 10-60 Pa. It is implemented by creating a steady pressure difference across the building envelope and measuring the corresponding airflow exchange rate between the indoor and outdoor simultaneously. This method has been widely used and accepted as the standard test for demonstrating building air-tightness compliance. Conversely, the novel pulse technique, has been developed to measure the building air leakage at low pressures typically in the range of 1-10 Pa.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 04/15/2019 - 16:17
Airtightness is the most important property of building envelopes to understand the ventilation. Airtightness refers to the flow measurement through the building envelope as a function of pressure across the building envelope. This relationship often fits to a power law, which is the most common way of expressing data. However, pressure homogeneity during airtightness tests can crop up, especially in large buildings.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 04/15/2019 - 16:09
This paper introduces an experimental study of enclosure airtightness testing of an outdoor chamber using both the pulse technique and the blower door method. This investigation is a 2nd stage comparison study following the previous testing of a house-sized chamber in a sheltered environment. The outdoor chamber in this study has dimensions, approximately half that of a standard 20ft long shipping container. Multiple openings were installed into the chamber’s envelope to provide a leakage level and characteristics similar to an average UK house.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 04/15/2019 - 10:45
The air leakage impact on energy performance in buildings has already been broadly studied in USA, Canada and most European countries. However, there is a lack of knowledge in Mediterranean countries regarding airtightness. An extensive study has been carried out in order to characterize the envelope of the existing housing stock in Spain. Preliminary results of more than 401 dwellings tested are shown. The sample includes different typologies, year of construction and climate zones. Blower door tests were performed and thermal imaging was used to locate leakage paths.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 15:37
This paper introduces a comparison study of measuring the airtightness of a house sized test chamber using the novel pulse technique and the standard blower door method in a controlled environment. Eight different testing plates have been applied to the improvised envelope of the chamber to establish different leakage characteristics. Each testing plate has a unique opening in the centre of the plate, achieved by obtaining a different combination of shape and thickness of the opening.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Thu, 11/23/2017 - 09:52
It has already been proved that air leakage causes a great impact in the energy performance of buildings in cold climates. In recent years, many studies have been carried out in northern Europe, US and Canada. Regulations in these countries establish maximum air leakage rates for the construction of new dwellings and the refurbishment of the existing ones. However, there is a lack of knowledge relating to the housing stock in Spain.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 11/16/2015 - 17:08
Over three million subsidised dwellings were built in Spain between 1940 and 1980. Most of these buildings are now obsolete and fail to comply with thermal comfort and ventilation standards. A building's existing energy performance, including its airtightness, should be determined prior to conducting low-energy refurbishment, for those factors, particularly the latter, impact thermal comfort, energy demand and indoor air quality (IAQ) fairly heavily.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Mon, 11/16/2015 - 17:02
A new low pressure ‘quasi-steady’ pulse technique for determining the airtightness of buildings has been developed further and compared with the standard blower-door technique for field-testing a range of typical UK homes. The reported low pressure air pulse unit (APU) has gone through several development stages related to optimizing the algorithm, pressure reference and system construction. The technique, which is compact, portable and easy to use, has been tested alongside the standard blower-door technique to measure the airtightness of a range of typical UK home types.
Submitted by Maria.Kapsalaki on Wed, 10/28/2015 - 17:07
Durability of the building envelope is important to new homes that are increasingly built with improved levels of airtightness. It is also important to weatherized homes such that energy savings from retrofit measures, such as air sealing, are persistent. This paper presents a comparison of air leakage measurements collected in November 2013 through March 2014, with two sets of prior data collected between 2001-2003 from 17 new homes located near Atlanta, GA, and 17 homes near Boise, ID that were weatherized in 2007-2008.