Occupants’ behaviours in controlling blinds in UK primary schools

The environmental conditions experienced in UK schools not only influence the effectiveness of teaching and learning but also affect energy consumption and occupant behaviour plays a critical role in determining such conditions.

Heat transfer from an isothermal vertical surface with adjacent heated horizontal louvers: validation

Measurements of temperature and local heat flux were operated on a vertical surface, such as a window, equipped with louvers, such as those of a venetian blind, for different window temperatures, irradiation levels, louver to window spacings and louver angles. Results have been compared with calculations (see Airbase record # 14975). The comparison validates the numerical study.

Heat transfer from an isothermal vertical surface with adjacent heated horizontal louvers: numerical analysis

This article presents the numerical study of the influence of louvers, such as those of a venetian blind, on heat transfer from an adjacent vertical surface, such as the indoor side of a window. The physical model used is described. Results show the influence on radiative and convective heat transfer, which were found as being of the same magnitude, of louver spacing, louver tip to window spacing, louver angle, window surface temperature and irradiation.

Ventilation windows and automatic blinds help to control heat and lighting.

In designing and constructing its new R&D Centre, the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) had two main aims: to provide a comfortable working environment and to conserve as much energy as possible. To achieve these aims, attention focused on the control of heating and lighting, especially in perimeter zones near glazed areas. The major features included ventilation windows with integral automatically controlled blinds, and daylight compensation lighting controls. Together, these have significantly reduced heating and lighting loads

Ventilation air flow through window openings in combination with shading devices.

In the UK the increased use of natural ventilation in buildings is being encouraged, particularly during hot weather as an alternative to air conditioning or mechanical ventilation. In order to take advantage of this option building designers need to be able to estimate potential air flows. Conventional calculation methods assume windows to be simple openings, however in practice the situation is more complex since during hot weather the opening is likely to be shielded by some form of solar shading device.

Airflow through modulated louvre systems.


The airtightness of roller blind boxes.