Airflow measurements at supply air terminal devices on residential balanced ventilation systems

In France, the control of ventilation system at commissioning is mandatory in the context of the Effinergie + label and the measurement of airflows in residential houses is mandatory since 2017 in this label. The Promevent project (2013-2016) was aiming at improving the reliability of those controls. Guidelines have been issued for visual inspection of system, airflow measurements at air terminal devices (ATD) and ductwork airtightness measurements.  

Ventilation Performance of Office Building with Natural Ventilation Shaft

Using natural ventilation is effective to save energy, and it is essential for energy conservation and decreasing running cost [1]. However, in office buildings located in where mid- to -high-rise buildings are densely distributed, the way of ensuring stable ventilation is very important matter of natural ventilation system. In this research, we focus on the ventilation performance of an office building where the natural ventilation system is introduced by utilizing the buoyancy force through a ventilation shaft.

On the design and testing of Airtightness Modifier dedicated to the TIPEE IEQ House

This paper aims to present the elaboration of a device able to modify the airtightness of a test House. This project has been conducted with three Master student groups in the framework of their research projects from 2015 to 2017. The TIPEE IEQ test House, comprising of two floors and eight rooms, is dedicated to the study of Indoor Air Quality (IAQ), thermal comfort and energy consumption. Its envelope has been designed to reach an airtightness target slightly lower than the French Energy Efficiency Standard RT2012 requirement for dwellings i.e.

Assessment of airflow measurement uncertainty at terminal devices

Existing protocols for the inspection of mechanical residential systems poorly address both the assessment of uncertainties and recommendations or specifications for measurement methods and devices to be used to guarantee low measurement uncertainties. This paper gives the major elements of a new protocol developed within the Promevent project to overcome this problem. We have analyzed results from 180 airflow measurements performed in laboratory conditions in accordance with this protocol.

Evaluation of Indoor Air Quality in Classrooms Equipped with Cross-Flow Ventilation

In this work the evaluation of indoor air quality in a classroom equipped with cross-flow ventilation is presented. A numerical methodology, based on comparison with experimental data, used in the evaluation of the air exchange rate, airflow rate and the age of the air, was applied in the first phase of this work. The evolution of carbon dioxide inside spaces, with different airflow typologies, was then predicted in the second part. The study was based on a school located in the South of Portugal. In the experimental methodology the tracer gas decay method was applied.

Investigation of Ventilation Effectiveness for Wind-Driven Single-Sided Ventilated Buildings Located in an Urban Environment

This study employed large-eddy simulation (LES) to investigate wind-driven single-sided natural ventilation for an idealized building model located in an urban environment. Two ventilation cases, single-sided ventilation with an opening on the windward wall and with an opening on the leeward wall, were considered. The airflow rates through the single opening were calculated based on the mean flow fields and the transient flow fields, respectively.

Buoyancy Driven Natural Ventilation through Horizontal Openings

An experimental study of the phenomenon of buoyancy driven natural ventilation through single-sided horizontal openings was performed in a full-scale laboratory test rig. The measurements were made for opening ratios L/D ranging from 0.027 to 4.455, where L and D are the length of the opening and the diameter of the opening, respectively. The basic nature of airflow through single-sided openings, including airflow rate, air velocity, temperature difference between the rooms and the dimensions of the horizontal openings, were measured.


The measuring method of airflow rates of building equipments is important and is required in manystandards, codes, etc. and the committee of the ventilation planning in the building of SHASE (Societyof Heating, Air-conditioning and Sanitary Engineering), Japan is about to propose the standard for TheMeasuring Method of Airflow Rates of Building Equipments. It is aimed to ensure the quality of indoorenvironment and the performance of HVAC system under the situation that the existing methods are inthe variety but less information for the choosing and its feasibility is available.


This study aims at investigating the actual conditions of indoor environment in schools in order to obtainfundamental information for proper ventilation design for buildings. Indoor environment of two newelementary schools in Tohoku district of Japan was investigated for a week in the winter of 2005.Temperature and humidity, concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO2), ventilation airflow rates,concentrations of chemical substances, and the opening condition of the windows and doors weremeasured and recorded in the three classrooms of each school.