Improvement of air tightness of communities

From the beginning of year 2007 the buildings in Finland must have energy efficiency calculations, which requirements are now part of Building Codes, based on European Performance of Buildings Directive. According the renewed code, being into the force from July 2012, air tightness number q50 cannot be more than 4 m3/ (h*m2). Better air tightness can be shown by measurements. The air infiltration must be calculated in compensation calculations based on air tightness number 2.0 m3/ (h*m2). The energy efficiency requirements caused an immediate response in the building sector.

The use of building own ventilation system in measuring airtightness

The improvement of energy efficiency is the key issue after the energy performance of buildings directive came into the force in European Union countries. The city of Kuopio in Finland participate a project, in which different tools will be used and tested to improve the energy efficiency of public buildings. In this project there were pilot buildings e.g. schools. The other pilot school consumed much more heating energy than the other same type of school. Air tightness was measured using the own ventilation system of the building and by remote control from the central operation room.

Ventilation and RH control in museum showcases

Museum showcases represent a peculiar confined space were ventilation and indoor climate conditions play an important role. Conservation of the works of arts, in fact, requires a control of the environmental parameters, with a tolerance usually far tighter than that required for assuring the comfort of people.

Air Tightness of Ventilation Ductwork Equipped with Joints

The average air tightness of the ventilation ductwork in France is rather poor, corresponding toa 3A class. This is mainly due to air leakage in the fittings. Because of difficulties encounteredduring the implementation as lack of space, access problems or short time to proceed theinstallation, these fittings are not sealed enough, with mastic or adhesive tape.In order to limit this risk of leakage and to limit sealing operations on site, manufacturerspropose components equipped with joints. Some years ago, CETIAT has tested in itslaboratories different kind of such components.

Demand controlled ventilation applicable for any air tightness level and occupancy ?

The Dutch housing stock consists for about 70% of single family houses with an average N50 of about 7-9 ACH and for 30% of apartments with an average N50 of about 3-4 ACH.New single family houses are much more airtight. In the period 1970 to 2000 the air tightness increased to an N50 of about 3 - 4 ACH. Apartments have nowadays about the same or a slightly better air tightness then before 1970.Another trend is the downward tendency of occupant numbers per dwelling.

Blower door tests (EN 13829) for quality assurance : getting air-tight buildings in retroffiting, too

For retrofitting as well as for new buildings a good airtightness is an important issue. In Germany, Austria and Switzerland about 1000 persons conduct blower door tests according to EN 13829 in order to characterize the air permeability of buildings. Also, preliminary measurements of the air barrier are made, often by the craftsmen themselves. Early measurements allow to repair leakages more easily than when the building is completed.

On the influence of the air infiltration heat losses on the energy performance of Italian residential buildings

It is often discussed about the possibilities that more efficient windows offer to reduce the energy loads in residential buildings. Often such results can be achieved reducing the thermal transmittance or optimising the solar gains, not so often the influence of the air permeability is taken into account. This issue is, on the contrary, very important in countries, as Italy, where the age of the building stock is accompanied by the installation of very old windows, characterised by high air leakage, which causes strong heat losses and discomfort phenomena for users.

Testing a method for the evaluation of the airtightness of ventilation systems in existing buildings

The airtightness of ventilation ductwork is an important element of the global performance of ventilation systems.

Air leakiness of non-standard housing : impact of upgrading measures

Sheffield City Council in the UK identified some dwellings of non-standard construction that needed to be refurbished. The refurbishment mainly involved applying insulation and rendering to the exterior surfaces of external walls and replacing old windows. The main aims of the refurbishment for the Council were to improve the condition and appearance of the dwellings and reduce conductive heat loss through the fabric.

Building ventilation and pressurization as a security tool

This paper discusses how ventilation and air distribution can have a positive or negative impact on chemical, biological and radiological agents entering buildings, on their movement within the buildings and on their removal. It also points out the key role played by the envelope airtightness of the building and its pressurization as a security tool.