In recent years, increasing importance has been placed on energy efficiency in residentialbuildings. This has resulted in tighter buildings, which raises concerns about the amount ofventilation required to provide acceptable indoor air quality. Relatively few studies have beenconducted on multifamily buildings, where the multiple zone interaction makes testing andanalysis difficult. In order to address this problem, detailed testing of air flows, pressures, andtemperatures was done at three electrically-heated multifamily buildings in the U.S.
Within an International Energy Agency (IEA) project (Annex 27) experts from 8 countries(Canada, France, Italy, Japan, The Netherlands, Sweden, UK, and USA) have developed toolsfor evaluating domestic ventilation systems during the heating season. Building and useraspects, thermal comfort, noise, energy, life cycle cost, reliability, and indoor air quality(IAQ) tools were developed.
The purpose of this work is to evaluate the air infiltration through the high buildings and in the same time to determine the exchange of the air between the rooms and the influence of the heat transmission for these exchanges. The method of approach for this problem is a network model. This is a grid system in which the nodes are the rooms or zones of the building and the connection between two nodes simulates a flow path of a given resistance. It was built a computer program for predicting the interactions between different zones which was applied for a given case of a building.
A two dimensional model was developed to predict the infiltration load to a cold room through its doorway. The governing equations were derived and transformed into dimensionless form. The model showed that the infiltration load to a cold room depends on three dimensionless parameters: the Grashof number of the cold room, the aspect ratio of the room (height to width), and the opening ratio (height of doorway to height of the room). 1\ finite difference technique with a control volume approach was used to solve the governing equations.