Is ventilation necessary and sufficient for acceptable indoor air quality?

The role of ventilation in achieving acceptable indoor air quality is examined in the light of emerging challenges, alternative mitigation strategies and performance indices within the spatial and time matrix of the indoor environment. By considering the source of contaminants, their nature, transportation mechanism and participation in source-sink relationships, several studies have shown that it may not be feasible nor adequate to rely on ventilation alone to attain the desired level of exposure, especially with respect to airborne aerosolised droplets with infectious potential.

Assessment of the systemic approach using radioactive tracers and CFD.

An application of the systemic approach is presented for the study of the ventilation of a room in an industrial facility. First, a series of tracer gas experiments was made with a radioactive tracer. Analysis of the Residence Time Distribution (RTD) curves, supported by some CFD, then enabled to build a simple zonal model for the description and quantification of the observed air flow patterns. This model was able to reproduce the experimental RTDs inside the room as well as at the exhaust.

Airflow patterns in Schonbrunn Palace.

The purpose of this study is to find more information of the complicated air flow pattern in the SchOnbrunn palace. The aim is to improve the control of the air infiltration. We have used a passive tracer gas technique, a special case of the constant injection technique, called the homogeneous emission technique. The results gives Air Change Rate's (ACH) of 0,7 to 1,7 in different rooms and parts of the palace. Wind driven ventilation dominates stack driven ventilation. We found a considerable air flow between floors.

Behaviour of convective plumes with active displacement air flow patterns.

This study is a part of a research project named 'Convective Flows and Vertical Temperature Gradient within Active Displacement Air Distribution'. The project was started in 1996 in order to determine guidelines for air flow rate dimensioning of the system. Aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of the thermal plumes of the heat sources used in the project. The characteristics were determined in order to apply the results to different kinds of plumes, which may occur with active displacement air distribution system.

Evaluation of COMIS - Appendices.

Evaluation of COMIS.