Particle Image Velocimetry Visualization and Measurement of Airflow Over a Wall-Mounted Radiator

A common room-heating technique involves the use of a wall-mounted radiator without forced convection. The cold surrounding air passes adjacent to the warm surfaces of the radiator where it absorbs heat and gains momentum to rise along the wall surface and finally circulate in the entire room. Understanding the properties of heated airflows is important for several purposes. To understand the flow process it is important to identify where the transition from laminar to turbulent flow occurs and to quantify the turbulent fluctuations.

Analytical estimation of optimal minimum airflow for air circulation

Space conditions are directly controlled by terminal boxes in variable air volume (VAV) air handling unit (AHU) systems. The terminal box either modulates airflow or adjusts discharge air temperature. Conditioned space will have thermal discomfort by less air circulation if the airflow and discharge air temperature are not suitable. The objective of this study is to estimate an optimal value of the airflow and discharge air temperature, which maintains room thermal comfort.

The Influence of Air Circulation, Jet Discharge Momentum Flux and Nozzle Design Parameters on the Tightness of an Upwards Blowing Air Curtain

Air curtains are used to eliminate airflows through doorways (doorway tightness). In this paper the impacts of air circulation, jet discharge momentum flux and nozzle design parameters on the tightness of an upwards blowing air curtain are presented. The tightness values were measured using a tracer gas decay method in the laboratory hall. Measurements were undertaken for two nozzle widths, 30 mm and 120 mm, and for two different discharge angles, 10° and 30°.

Turbulent force flow in an airblast storage room.

Forced air circulation in a storage room either with freezing/cooling or controlled atmosphere is usually turbulent because a high air change rate is generally required. The interaction between the turbulent air flow and the product layers plays an important role in the performance of the storage room. In this paper, a homogenous model based on the Brinkman-Forchheimer-extended Darcy equation for both fluid and porous layer is described, in association with the standard k-e turbulence model.