A new handbook on measurement techniques related to airflow patterns within buildings.

A new handbook, describing in details the measurement techniques which could be used to better understand the infiltration and ventilation in buildings is presented. This handbook results from the cooperation between Annex 20 and Annex 5 of the IEA ECB program. It presents the techniques for detecting and measuring as well the air leakages as the air flows in buildings and inventilation systems. Methods related to ventilation efficiency and effectiveness, like the measurement of the age of air, are also described.

Errors in the measurement of local and room mean age using tracer gas methods.

Local and room mean ages of the air in a room may be measured by three versions of the tracer gas technique; which are the pulse method, the tracer step-up up method and the tracer decay method. The values of mean age obtained are of course subject to errors in the measurement of the tracer gas concentrations. The sensitivity of the three methods to errors in the tracer gas concentration is not the same, and in some cases can be very large. In order to examine this problem, test measuremenb have been carried out in a model room using the three difEerent methods.

Commercial building ventilation measurements using multiple tracer gas.

A unique multiple tracer experimental system has been developed and utilized within commercial buildings to monitor ventilation rates, air exchange efficiency, ages of air (at multiple indoor locations), flow rates of supply and outside air, and percent outside air in supply airstreams. The multiple tracer technique also makes it possible to determine the fractions of air at a monitoring point that entered the building through a particular air handler and by infiltration.

Local mean age of air.